1 samuel 6 explained

This was an ancient Canaanite city; the name means house of the sun (god) and reflects the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had erected shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. THE PHILISTINES COUNSEL HOW TO SEND BACK THE ARK. Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. And take the ark of the Lord and place it on the cart, and put in a box at its side the figures of gold, which you are returning to him as a guilt offering. It would be very unusual for nursing cows to leave their young and head … Acquaintance with God and serviceableness to the kingdom of God make men truly honourable. In this instance of the men of Beth-shemesh suffering death for a violation of God's instructions regarding the ark (and other holy things), there were undoubtedly aggravating circumstances in what they actually did. Payne pointed out that the casual manner in which the Levites are mentioned here is a strong argument against the passage's being an interpolation.F18 Willis also declared, "That this verse originally belonged to this narrative cannot be conclusively disproved. "Prepare a new cart" (1 Samuel 6:7). This indicates that the knowledge of God's deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt was well known all over the world. In 2 Samuel 1-5 David is proclaimed king by the people. 1 Chron. B. G. Caird also complained that, "There is nowhere else any indication that this (looking into the ark) was regarded as an offense. Furthermore, this offering of sacrifices at Beth-shemesh was no offense against the commandment to make sacrifices to the Lord only at the place of his sanctuary. Modern man has grossly underestimated the intelligence of ancient peoples. The Israelites made no effort to recover the ark. So you must make images of your tumors and images of your mice that ravage the land, and give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps he will lighten his hand from off you and your gods and your land. It would have been strange indeed if they had not appeared in this narrative. Saul's appointment. Many of these names, like this one, continued into Israelite times. Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. 1. the ark . The ark of the covenant stayed in the country of Philistine for … "F17 The first of these alleged reasons is invalid because the Levites were very much a part of Beth-shemesh. Therefore, we should understand the statement in 1 Sam. What is God’s opinion about these kinds of religion? They answered, "Five golden tumors and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines; for the same plague was upon all of you and upon your lords. Continuing our chapter summaries, Chapter 6 of first Samuel begins with the Philistines calling in their diviners and priests to counsel on what they should do with the ark of God. The second so-called reason confuses the sacrifice of the cows, which was not provided by God's people at all, but by the Philistines, with the second sacrifice which was provided and offered by the Levites. What we have here is a very brief summary only. A study of the book of 1 Samuel 6: 1 – 21 1 Samuel 6: 1 – 21 You Dirty Rats 1 Now the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. After being punished by Yahweh for looking inside the ark, the people of Beth Shemesh ask the inhabitants of Kiriath Jearim to remove the ark from their midst. In those days, … Like many other figures in the Bible, this is an anthropomorphism, portraying God as a strong man laughing and making fun of some weak and bungling enemy. So they split the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the LORD. "Because they looked into the ark ... he (God) slew seventy of them" (1 Samuel 6:19). Furthermore, cows that had never been yoked would not have taken a cart anywhere, much less on a 17-mile trip down a highway. Many of these names, like this one, continued into Israelite times. Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. "The abrupt mention of mice here constitutes a difficulty. And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? "And watch ... if it goes up ... but if not" (1 Samuel 6:9). Then you will be healed (1 Samuel 6:3). Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. "[26] As Young stated it, "Their action illustrates man's desire to free himself from the presence of God instead of seeking to make himself fit for it. The abrupt mention of mice here constitutes a difficulty.F3 To us there appears no difficulty whatever. The meaning of this verse is that, "The hand of God would be heavy upon them so long as they refused the acknowledgement"F2 inherent in the proposed guilt offering. (1 Samuel 6:9). 1 Chron. The *Lord calls Samuel. "From the evidence of archaeology, this was undoubtedly a two-wheeled cart similar to those seen in Europe today."[8]. What kind of religion did people follow in Philistia? There was one plague only, the bubonic disaster spread among the Philistines by the rats and the Cheops flea. They said, `If you send away the ark of the God of Israel, do not send it empty, but by all means send him a guilt offering, then you will be healed, and it will be known to you why his hand does not turn away from you. "[9] The test proposed here was genuine. These all from natural side. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. would be healed as a conditional, promise. They had seven months to respond to are still operating in every great city on earth. This gives a broad outline of what needed to be done, namely, that the ark should not be sent back without a guilt offering and also a promise (later explained as a `perhaps') that they would know if God had afflicted them, or if it was `by chance.'. Instead of praising God for the privilege of having the ark of his presence in their city, the men of Beth-shemesh were concerned only with getting rid of it. 2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, “What shall we do with the ark of the LORD? He had thoroughly studied it, sat in it, possibly even have driven it; and of course, he had carefully looked inside of it also! 6:19-21, see the note under 1 Sam. Tell us how we should send it back to its place. "[3] To us there appears no difficulty whatever. "And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord" (1 Samuel 6:15). Keith Simons. In ancient times, such deceivers were widely trusted; and even today one cannot fail to be aware that palm readers, phrenologists, fortune-tellers, etc. De samensteller was waarschijnlijk dezelfde die de boeken Deuteronomium, Jozua, Richteren en 1 en 2 Koningen redigeerde. However, a careful study of the context and the passage demonstrates that the Masoretic reading of … How the Philistines dismissed it, by the advice of their priests ( v. 1-11 ), with rich presents to the God of Israel, to make an atonement for their sin ( v. 3-5 ), and yet with a project to bring it back, unless Providence directed the kine, contrary to their inclination, to go to the … The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. ", "Both fortified cities and unwalled villages" (1 Samuel 6:18). 1 Samuel 9:6. 215,216. Egypt was the most powerful nation on earth at that time. It will be noted that we have considered the mice mentioned in this chapter as being, in all probability, rats. The subject of this clause is God, the meaning being that God, in truth, had made sport (or mockery) of the Egyptians throughout ten plagues; and, of course, the Egyptians finally let the people go. 1 Samuel 6 New King James Version (NKJV) The Ark Returned to Israel 6 Now the ark of the Lord was in the country of the Philistines seven months. Payne pointed out that the casual manner in which the Levites are mentioned here is a strong argument against the passage's being an interpolation. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Modern man has grossly underestimated the intelligence of ancient peoples. In chapter 5, just before today’s passage, David captures the all-important city of Jerusalem. THE ARK OF THE COVENANT SENT BACK TO ISRAEL. (1 Samuel 6:19, KJV) Critics say the small town of Bethshemesh would not have had 50,070 inhabitants, so they side with the reading of "70" as found in a few Hebrew manuscripts and the LXX. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 1 Samuel 6. All of this is included in the idiomatic use of "looked at.". ", "And watch ... if it goes up ... but if not", "And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord", "Both fortified cities and unwalled villages", "Because they looked into the ark ... he (God) slew seventy of them", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible. Read chapter 6, then discuss these questions: (1) Read 1 Samuel 5:1-5 and 1 Samuel 31:10. The Philistines asked their priests and magicians what they should do with the … The Philistines had the Ark for 7 months. David becomes king of all of Israel and brings the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. The meaning of this verse is that, "The hand of God would be heavy upon them so long as they refused the acknowledgement"[2] inherent in the proposed guilt offering. As frequently occurs in Biblical narratives, we have here a summary paragraph, followed by the elaboration of the details. According to the number of the lords of the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:4). Samuel’s role as God’s representative in this period of Israel’s history is close to that of Moses (see Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1) since he, more than any other person, provided for covenant continuity in the transition from the rule of the judges to that of the monarchy. L.M. 'F22 In this criticism, the writer overlooked the idiomatic use of language. "Beth-shemesh" (1 Samuel 6:9). It will be noted that we have considered the mice mentioned in this chapter as being, in all probability, rats. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for 1 Samuel 10:6-7 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "THE SPIRIT FILLED LIFE" Intro: Israel's clamor for a king. 1. As Willis noted, "There was a prominent priestly house at Kiriath-jearim, including Abinadab and his son Eleazar."[28]. B. G. Caird criticized the rendition here, writing that, "`They looked into the ark' is not a possible translation. It says 50,070 of "the people" died as the "LORD had smitten many of the people" and "the people" lamented over this. The second so-called reason confuses the sacrifice of the cows, which was not provided by God's people at all, but by the Philistines, with the second sacrifice which was provided and offered by the Levites. In this chapter we have the return of the ark to the land of Israel, whither we are now gladly to attend it, and observe, I. "Aristotle relates that in harvest entire crops were sometimes destroyed by the ravages of field-mice in a single night."F4. What was their opinion about Israel’s God? Give Us a King! It was a Levite city (Joshua 21:16). 6:3 that they. God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). But David found strength in the Lord his God. "Five golden mice" (1 Samuel 6:4). 7:1. 4: Commenting and Commentaries) The mention of these does not indicate that each village sent a golden mouse, because. Ark narrative (1 Samuel 4:1b–7:1 and 2 Samuel 6:1–20): the ark's capture by the Philistines in the time of Eli and its transfer to Jerusalem by David – opinion is divided over whether this is actually an independent unit. he (God) slew seventy of them (1 Samuel 6:19). Furthermore, this offering of sacrifices at Beth-shemesh was no offense against the commandment to make sacrifices to the Lord only at the place of his sanctuary. "This was an ancient Canaanite city; the name means house of the sun (god) and reflects the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had erected shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. 3. This gives a broad outline of what needed to be done, namely, that the ark should not be sent back without a guilt offering and also a promise (later explained as a `perhaps') that they would know if God had afflicted them, or if it was `by chance.'. And they put the ark of the Lord on the cart, and the box with the golden mice and the images of the tumors. All other rights reserved. Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh? Verses 1-8 Samuel is here executing the office of a prophet, giving Saul full assurance from God that he should be king, as he was afterwards, according to these prophecies which went before of him.I. The priests and the diviners. attributed authorship of 1 Samuel 1—24 to the prophet Samuel, and the rest to Nathan and Gad 4(cf. Commentary for 1 Samuel 6 . (NIV) Outline of 1 Samuel: And to whom shall he go up away from us"? 1 When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months, 2 the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? The diviners clearly recommended sending the ark back after the first plague instead of waiting for ten plagues. 1 Samuel 2:1-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This passage has its roots in the book of Judges—in the chaotic time when “there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes” (Judges 17:6). The diviners clearly recommended sending the ark back after the first plague instead of waiting for ten plagues. He can show us our way — The course we should take to find the asses. 12:10ff was temporarily suspended, as various Jewish commentators have stated."F13. Complete Concise In this chapter we have, I. Hannah's song of thanksgiving to God for his favour to her in giving her Samuel (v. 1-10). As Willis noted, "There was a prominent priestly house at Kiriath-jearim, including Abinadab and his son Eleazar."F28. The Philistines had more than enough of their trophy, the captured ark of the God of Israel. They even measured the circumference of the earth with a clothes pole (See the encyclopaedias under Eratosthenes)! Second, 1 Samuel 6:19 does not say 50,070 of the people of Bethshemesh died. 1 Samuel 12 – Samuel’s Speech at Saul’s Coronation A. A man of God and an honourable man — One of great reputation for his skill and faithfulness. Bibliography Information 1 Samuel chapter 7 summary. There was even a third sacrifice, when all the citizens of Beth-shemesh gathered together and made burnt offerings and sacrifices, resulting in what might be called a feast to celebrate the happy occasion. Samuel, Saul and David. (1 Samuel 6:6). Before leaving this episode, the miraculous nature of what is revealed here should be stressed. ", (For a definitive comment on 1 Samuel 6:19-21, see the note under 1 Samuel 7:1. Come down and take it up to you. This is done so on two pretext's. The foolish notion that the ancients "probably did not associate the rats with the plague" should be rejected. (1 Samuel 8:1-22) 7. "The mention of Levites here poses a problem. And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … 1 Samuel 6:1-9 . Read 1 Samuel 6 in full. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. 1 Samuel Chapter 6 Summary. Furthermore, cows that had never been yoked would not have taken a cart anywhere, much less on a 17-mile trip down a highway. Deadly plague had fallen upon them everywhere the ark was placed; and, in desperation, the five lords of the Philistines decided to return it … All of this is included in the idiomatic use of looked at. They not only lost the battle, they lost the ark as well (1 Samuel 4). if it goes up ... but if not (1 Samuel 6:9). Jongejan: Genesis 15:1 : 08-08-2008: Ds. The subject of this clause is God, the meaning being that God, in truth, had made sport (or mockery) of the Egyptians throughout ten plagues; and, of course, the Egyptians finally let the people go. Keith Simons. 1 Samuel 6 The Philistines send the Ark back to the Israelites. A poem near the start of the book reveals the book's key themes: God’s opposition to the proud, exultation of the humble, faithfulness in spite of evil, and the promise of a messianic king. (2) that things new and previously unused are more properly used for sacred purposes than old or damaged things. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God. The men of Kiriath-jearim willingly complied with the request from Beth-shemesh; and the ark remained with them for twenty years. A city with its unwalled villages and adjacent territory was commonly regarded as a unit.F20 Willis also agreed that, The fortified cities and the unwalled villages' are the subordinate regions belonging to each of these city-states.F21, THE DEATH OF THE SEVENTY MEN OF BETH-SHEMESH, (For a definitive comment on 1 Sam. Are You a Philistine? They split up the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord (1 Samuel 6:14). Prepare a new cart (1 Samuel 6:7). Quick outline of 1 Samuel. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. Without any good reason whatever, most liberal scholars brand 1 Sam. (19-21)1-9 Seven months the Philistines were punished with the presence of the ark; so long it was a plague to them, because they would not send it home sooner. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). "F15 Later on in Jewish history, David himself tried to move the ark of the covenant on a new cart; but that also ended in a disaster. "Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh?" The next two chapters (5-6) of 1 Samuel are the account of how God plagued the Philistines, so that they finally decided they did not want the ark among them. "F19, THE FIVE CITIES OF THE PHILISTINES AND THE GUILT OFFERING, Both fortified cities and unwalled villages (1 Samuel 6:18). There were four places which carried this name; but the one here was located on the north border of Judah, near the Philistines, and was the closest town in Israel to which the Philistines returned the ark of the God of Israel.F10. Five golden mice (1 Samuel 6:4). "[11] This is no problem at all. The ark of the covenant was the throne of the gracious presence of God, before whom the sacrifices were offered, even when offered in the tabernacle.F12 Also, another consideration in this connection is that, "As there was no central sanctuary, the law of Deut. Summary 1 Samuel 6: The Philistines return the ark to the people of Beth Shemesh. Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). In this instance of the men of Beth-shemesh suffering death for a violation of God's instructions regarding the ark (and other holy things), there were undoubtedly aggravating circumstances in what they actually did. Tell us with what we shall send it to its place." "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). The next two chapters (5-6) of 1 Samuel are the account of how God plagued the Philistines, so that they finally decided they did not want the ark among them. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. More books related to 1 Samuel. Allegations that there must have been two plagues, one of the tumors, and the other of the mice (or rats) that have been confused and mixed up by some editor or redactor are in fact ridiculous. . George DeHoff has a remarkably excellent comment on this: "Everything connected with the false method of transporting the ark of the covenant was destroyed. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 6". 1-samuel 6:1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 1 Samuel 6-7 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). The glory may have left Israel a few chapters prior, but things will begin to look better, thanks to some turns in events presented in this chapter (including a new leader). From the evidence of archaeology, this was undoubtedly a two-wheeled cart similar to those seen in Europe today.F8. EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY 1 Samuel W G Blaikie. "Aristotle relates that in harvest entire crops were sometimes destroyed by the ravages of field-mice in a single night."[4]. Cyril J. Barber - One of the finest devotional commentaries ever produced. Posted on 6 Apr 2011 to 18,489 followers, with 8 retweets. M. van Kooten: Genesis 16:8-10 "[14] The Lord's instructions for moving the ark were specific; "It was to be carried on poles resting upon the shoulders of priests (Deuteronomy 31:9). "[23] How could a Biblical commentator write something like that in the light of the word of God? In this third method, the entrails of some animal were poured out, and the arrangements of different portions were supposed to provide some kind of information to the observers! If a man comes into his home and tells his wife that he has just `looked at' a new automobile, neither she nor anyone else who heard it would think for a moment that he had merely glanced at it. 215, 216. 1 Samuel 6. There are some impressions in this chapter of what is universally held to be pleasing to God, both by pagan and by true worshippers: (1) that true religious devotion requires the giving of gifts. If a man comes into his home and tells his wife that he has just `looked at' a new automobile, neither she nor anyone else who heard it would think for a moment that he had merely glanced at it. In 1 Samuel chapters 16-31 we saw the fall of Saul, the people’s choice for king, and the rise of David, God’s choice for king. Normally, cows would not have left their calves. (Lectures to my Students, Vol. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. The fact of these mice (or rats) not being mentioned earlier is due solely to the abbreviated nature of the narrative. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament, THE ARK OF THE COVENANT SENT BACK TO ISRAEL. (10-18) The people smitten for looking into the ark. Only the direct intervention of God could possibly account for the behavior of those cows leaving their calves behind and taking that cart directly to Israel. Only the direct intervention of God could possibly account for the behavior of those cows leaving their calves behind and taking that cart directly to Israel. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.” 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your 1 Samuel 6:7. "The Israelites, no less than the Philistines, must reverence the presence of Jehovah their God. What we have here is a very brief summary only. This indicates that they were still uncertain as to whether or not God was responsible for their plagues.F9 The test proposed here was genuine. Even from the N.T., it will be remembered that Jesus rode upon an ass whereupon no man had ever sat, and he was buried in the new tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. This indicates that the knowledge of God's deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt was well known all over the world. 1 Samuel Chapter 6 Summary. The people of Beth Shemesh found it and rejoiced but some were struck down. Egypt was the most powerful nation on earth at that time. ADVISERS GIVE DETAILS ON THE RETURN OF THE ARK, "And they said, "What is the guilt offering that we shall return to him"? 6. 6:3 that they. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. Sinners lengthen out their own miseries by refusing to part with their sins. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). "Commentary on 1 Samuel 6:4". There were four places which carried this name; but the one here was located on the north border of Judah, near the Philistines, and was the closest town in Israel to which the Philistines returned the ark of the God of Israel. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! was in the country of the Philistines seven months --Notwithstanding the calamities which its presence had brought on the country and the people, the Philistine lords were unwilling to relinquish such a prize, and tried every means to retain it with peace and safety, but in vain. In the Bible, the Philistines are the enemies of the Israelites. He had thoroughly studied it, sat in it, possibly even have driven it; and of course, he had carefully looked inside of it also! [18] Willis also declared, "That this verse originally belonged to this narrative cannot be conclusively disproved. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Our thought that the animal was really the rat is derived from that creature's known association with the bubonic plague, which, according to all the evidence, was the particular plague that struck Philistia. The men of Beth-shemesh were Levites, that city having been designated as a city of the Levites ever since the days of Joshua (Joshua 21:16). And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the … "F23 How could a Biblical commentator write something like that in the light of the word of God? Make a new cart, &c. — It was in honour of the ark that they employed nothing about it that had ever served for any other use. 1 Samuel 10:6 Commentaries: "Then the Spirit of the LORD will come upon you mightily, and you shall prophesy with them and be changed into another man. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? ), "And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord, and brought it to the house of Abinidab on the hill; and they consecrated his son Eleazar, to have charge of the ark of the Lord.". It is unlikely that Samuel wrote both books.5 One conservative estimate of the final date of composition is about 960 B.C.6 Another guess is near 920 or 900 B.C.7 SCOPE The mention of Levites here poses a problem. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? It is unlikely that Samuel wrote both books.5 One conservative estimate of the final date of composition is about 960 B.C.6 Another guess is near 920 or 900 B.C.7 SCOPE In ancient times, such deceivers were widely trusted; and even today one cannot fail to be aware that palm readers, phrenologists, fortune-tellers, etc. Then the men of Beth-shemesh said, "Who is able to stand before the Lord, this holy God? What is most interesting is the method they chose to transport the ark back to Israelite territory. II. Then send it off, and let it go its way. tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. And the Spirit of the LORD will come on you, and you shall prophesy with them, and shall be turned into another man. '"[22] In this criticism, the writer overlooked the idiomatic use of language. The story of the Ark of the Covenant that follows tells of Israel's oppression by the Philistines, which brought about Samuel's anointing of Saul as Israel's first king. They are routed and … And, if the passage means that citizens of Beth-shemesh, other than Levites, offered burnt offerings and sacrifices, then their doing so consisted merely in their bringing the animals and other offerings and delivering them to the Levites who actually performed the sacrificial ceremonies. After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. The mention of these does not indicate that each village sent a golden mouse, because. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-6.html. The Hebrew can mean only that, `they looked at the ark. The book of 1 Samuel focuses on three characters: Samuel, Saul, and David. "[17] The first of these alleged reasons is invalid because the Levites were very much a part of Beth-shemesh. Deadly plague had fallen upon them everywhere the ark was placed; and, in desperation, the five lords of the Philistines decided to return it to Israel. The Hebrew can mean only that, `they looked at the ark. The priests and the diviners. 1983-1999. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). While his words are admittedly conjectural, we appreciate R. P. Smith's suggestion of what probably took place: The meaning of this death of 70 men of Beth-shemesh was clear enough. They had seven months of dealing with the tumors and the deaths in their cities and surrounding areas. 2 Samuel Chapter 6 summary begins with David and certain chosen men of Israel making the trip to retrieve the ark of God back to Israel.. "Their reasoning was basically the same as that of the Philistines. D.C. Flapper: 1 Koningen 17:1 : 08-08-2008: Ds. 6. Normally, cows would not have left their calves. (1-3) Samuel talks about his leadership over Israel. Before leaving this episode, the miraculous nature of what is revealed here should be stressed. Part 6 - 1 Samuel chapter 6 - Philistia’s rulers return the ark to Israel. Their reasoning was basically the same as that of the Philistines.F26 As Young stated it, Their action illustrates man's desire to free himself from the presence of God instead of seeking to make himself fit for it.F27, The men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord (1 Samuel 7:1). Commentary on 1 Samuel 5:6-12 (Read 1 Samuel 5:6-12) The hand of the Lord was heavy upon the Philistines; he not only convinced them of their folly, but severely chastised their insolence. Commentary on 1 Samuel 6:1-9. Beth-shemesh (1 Samuel 6:9). 1 Samuel 6 Learn that dealing with God on your terms is only good for moving further away from God (1-9) The Philistine’s had seven months with the ark of God in their land. For further comment on `shaking the arrows,' see our commentary on Ezekiel, pp. The priests were the ones in charge of the ceremonies connected with their worship of Dagon, and the diviners were the practitioners of all kinds of superstitious and magical maneuvers that were falsely alleged to reveal future events or answer difficult questions. . "[25], "Come down and take it up to you" (1 Samuel 6:21). 1 When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months, 2 the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us how we should send it to its place.” The priests counseled the people not to harden their hearts as Pharaoh had done. The methods employed by diviners included: (1) shaking the arrows; (2) consulting the teraphim; and (3) looking at the liver (Ezekiel 21:21). And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord (1 Samuel 6:15). He saith peradventure, because he doubted whether so great a prophet would seek, or God would grant him, a … "[21], THE DEATH OF THE SEVENTY MEN OF BETH-SHEMESH, "And he slew some of the men of Beth-shemesh, because they looked into the ark of the Lord; he slew seventy men of them, and the people mourned because the Lord had made a great slaughter among the people. The men of Beth-shemesh were Levites, that city having been designated as a city of the Levites ever since the days of Joshua (Joshua 21:16). Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord and the box which was beside it, in which were the golden figures and set them upon the great stone; and the men of Beth-shemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrifices on that day to the Lord. 1 Samuel 6 (in 140 characters or less) The Philistines sent the ark away with guilt offerings. If there were Levites in Beth-shemesh, it is difficult to see why the men of Beth-shemesh offered sacrifices that day.F11 This is no problem at all. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. 2 Samuel 1–6. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh? After he had made sport of them (1 Samuel 6:6). We have added 1 Samuel 7:1 here, because most scholars treat it as the conclusion of 1 Samuel 6. Whether or not the Philistines associated the rats with the tumors or not, the rats (mice) were a devastating plague in themselves, as indicated by the remark of the priests and diviners (1 Samuel 6:5) that they "ravage the land." Now Samuel said to all Israel: “Indeed I have heeded your voice in all that you said to me, and have made a king over you. (1) "This verse is obviously an interpolation; the introduction of Levites is at variance with the text. Testimony to Samuel’s integrity. The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. "The Israelites, no less than the Philistines, must reverence the presence of Jehovah their God. Samuel, the baby born to Hannah, will become a kingmaker—the one who will anoint Saul (9:16; 10:1) and David (16:12-13). De kist van God wordt teruggestuurd naar Israël 1 Toen de kist van de Heer zeven maanden in het gebied van de Filistijnen was, 2 lieten de Filistijnen de priesters en de waarzeggers komen. Read Deuteronomy 18:9-14. (1-9) They bring it to Bethshemesh. Our thought that the animal was really the rat is derived from that creature's known association with the bubonic plague, which, according to all the evidence, was the particular plague that struck Philistia. Spreker Tekst Serie Toevoegdatum; Kand. 6. David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Quick outline of 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? What is most interesting is the method they chose to transport the ark back to Israelite territory. would be healed as a conditional, promise. Willis tells us that other methods included watching the movement of clouds, the flight of birds and the disposition of the stars.F1 There was also, evidently, some ancient version of the modern superstition of being able to read the future by the disposition of the tea leaves in a cup of tea. While his words are admittedly conjectural, we appreciate R. P. Smith's suggestion of what probably took place: The meaning of this death of 70 men of Beth-shemesh was clear enough. This is done so on two pretext's. Joshua 7:19). "After he had made sport of them" (1 Samuel 6:6). The foolish notion that the ancients probably did not associate the rats with the plague should be rejected. R. Payne Smith wrote that, "As the ancients used the name of animals in a very general way, any rodent may be meant,"[6] by the word rendered `mice' here. In this third method, the entrails of some animal were poured out, and the arrangements of different portions were supposed to provide some kind of information to the observers! "F14 The Lord's instructions for moving the ark were specific; "It was to be carried on poles resting upon the shoulders of priests (Deuteronomy 31:9). The great stone beside which they set down the ark of the Lord is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh. Joseph's silver cup which was used for divining (Genesis 44:4) was probably utilized for that type of reading the future. Whether or not the Philistines associated the rats with the tumors or not, the rats (mice) were a devastating plague in themselves, as indicated by the remark of the priests and diviners (1 Samuel 6:5) that they "ravage the land." And watch. . Then you will be healed (1 Samuel 6:3). Deadly plague had fallen upon them everywhere the ark was placed; and, in desperation, the five lords of the Philistines decided to return it to Israel. HSV De ark teruggebracht naar het land van Israël. What had he done? B. G. Caird criticized the rendition here, writing that, `They looked into the ark' is not a possible translation. The Philistines consult how to send back the ark. It would have been strange indeed if they had not appeared in this narrative. Scholars who are hunting problems and difficulties will have to find something more difficult than this! We have added 1 Sam. Samuel, Saul and David. They split up the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord (1 Samuel 6:14). Prev | 1 Samuel | Next 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one book. Now then, take and prepare a new cart and two milch cows upon which there has never come a yoke, and yoke the cows to the cart, but take their calves home, away from them. ), And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord, and brought it to the house of Abinidab on the hill; and they consecrated his son Eleazar, to have charge of the ark of the Lord. ADVISERS GIVE DETAILS ON THE RETURN OF THE ARK. Eli the priest led him. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. "F16 (2) "The second half of the verse merely repeats the sacrifice which had already been offered. The Making of Israel’s First King (1 Samuel 9:1-11:13) 8. Yet they would not renounce Dagon; and instead of seeking God's mercy, they desired to get clear of his ark. As Smith stated it, "The question for the Philistines was simply this: would they restore the ark on the warning of one plague or would they hold out for ten plagues,"[7] and then send it back! 6:15 as "an interpolation," or as a "later insertion." 2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. Ze vroegen hun: "Hoe moeten we de kist van de Heer naar zijn eigen plaats terugsturen?" "[27], The men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord (1 Samuel 7:1). "And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of … 1 Samuel Resources Websites. Dat zou een verklaring kunnen zijn voor de diverse interne tegenstrijdigheden. Welcome to BibleStudyMinistry.com’s chapter summary series, do you need a quick summary of a chapter in the Bible, join us for the journey and learn a lot in our chapter summary series. There was one plague only, the bubonic disaster spread among the Philistines by the rats and the Cheops flea. Even from the N.T., it will be remembered that Jesus rode upon an ass whereupon no man had ever sat, and he was buried in the new tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. "F25, Come down and take it up to you (1 Samuel 6:21). Allegations that there must have been two plagues, one of the tumors, and the other of the mice (or rats) that have been confused and mixed up by some editor or redactor are in fact ridiculous. 1 Samuel 6 Het eerste boek Samuel. The Ark Returned to Israel. After this attempt, ask the student what he or she could do to successfully tie the tie. Spurgeon on Blaikie's related life of David: "Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. [12] Also, another consideration in this connection is that, "As there was no central sanctuary, the law of Deuteronomy 12:10ff was temporarily suspended, as various Jewish commentators have stated."[13]. So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim, saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord. "[15] Later on in Jewish history, David himself tried to move the ark of the covenant on a new cart; but that also ended in a disaster. "[19], THE FIVE CITIES OF THE PHILISTINES AND THE GUILT OFFERING, "These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned as a guilt offering to the Lord: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron; also the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and unwalled villages. 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. "This was an ancient Canaanite city; the name means house of the sun (god) and reflects the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had erected shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. B. G. Caird also complained that, "There is nowhere else any indication that this (looking into the ark) was regarded as an offense. 29:29). Bring two neckties to class. Who could have missed it? [1] There was also, evidently, some ancient version of the modern superstition of being able to read the future by the disposition of the tea leaves in a cup of tea. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). The Hands of Dagon and the Hand of God (1 Samuel 5:1-7:17) 6. The ark of the covenant was the throne of the gracious presence of God, before whom the sacrifices were offered, even when offered in the tabernacle. 1 SAMUEL 6 THE ARK OF THE COVENANT SENT BACK TO ISRAEL The Philistines had more than enough of their trophy, the captured ark of the God of Israel. "would be healed" as a conditional, promise. "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). Natural qualfications - great physique, courageous, wealthy family, modest person. Then the cart came into the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and stood there; a large stone . The Philistines remembered that this is what Yahweh had done to the Egyptians earlier ( 1 Samuel 6:6). "[10], "The men did so, and took two milch cows and yoked them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. And when the five lords of the Philistines saw it, they returned that day to Ekron.". Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". 1 Samuel 6 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. The methods employed by diviners included: (1) shaking the arrows; (2) consulting the teraphim; and (3) looking at the liver (Ezekiel 21:21). Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? Invite a student who does not know how to tie a necktie to attempt to tie one correctly. They even measured the circumference of the earth with a clothes pole (See the encyclopaedias under Eratosthenes)! Willis tells us that other methods included watching the movement of clouds, the flight of birds and the disposition of the stars. [1] And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2 Samuel … EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). More books related to 1 Samuel. 2 Samuel … George DeHoff has a remarkably excellent comment on this: "Everything connected with the false method of transporting the ark of the covenant was destroyed. Summary 1 Samuel 7: Samuel exhorts the Israelites to The fact of these mice (or rats) not being mentioned earlier is due solely to the abbreviated nature of the narrative. And there was another reason for choosing such kine as are here mentioned; that it might be more manifest that they were led by the God of Israel… 1 Samuel 6. "A city with its unwalled villages and adjacent territory was commonly regarded as a unit. . R. Payne Smith wrote that, "As the ancients used the name of animals in a very general way, any rodent may be meant,"F6 by the word rendered `mice' here. Without any good reason whatever, most liberal scholars brand 1 Samuel 6:15 as "an interpolation," or as a "later insertion." 1 en 2 Samuël zijn vermoedelijk samengesteld tijdens de Babylonische ballingschap en vormen een bundeling van verhalen uit verschillende bronnen. According to the number of the lords of the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:4). Many of the Psalms are explained with commendable learning, but the spiritual element is … Continuing our chapter summaries, Chapter 6 of first Samuel begins with the Philistines calling in their diviners and priests to counsel on what they should do with the ark of God. He anointed him and kissed him, v. 1. Scholars who are hunting problems and difficulties will have to find something more difficult than this! Therefore, we should understand the statement in 1 Sam. "And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … 1. Hardening the heart only brings divine retribution (cf. The priests were the ones in charge of the ceremonies connected with their worship of Dagon, and the diviners were the practitioners of all kinds of superstitious and magical maneuvers that were falsely alleged to reveal future events or answer difficult questions. And, if the passage means that citizens of Beth-shemesh, other than Levites, offered burnt offerings and sacrifices, then their doing so consisted merely in their bringing the animals and other offerings and delivering them to the Levites who actually performed the sacrificial ceremonies. "This indicates that they were still uncertain as to whether or not God was responsible for their plagues. "[20] Willis also agreed that, "The fortified cities and the unwalled villages' are the subordinate regions belonging to each of these city-states. Their return to their family, with Eli's blessing (v. 11, 20). there. This general reference to "people" rather than to a particular town or nationality suggests that not all of the 50,070 slain were inhabitants of Bethshemesh. The Ark Returned to Israel. 1-samuel 6:2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the LORD? Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent tocorr@studylight.orgSuggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent tosugg@studylight.org. "[16] (2) "The second half of the verse merely repeats the sacrifice which had already been offered.

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