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The two primary agents involved were calcium hypochlorite and trichloro-s-triazinetrione; both are commonly used chlorinating agents. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. It … Calcium hypochlorite is a white, fairly soluble solid that makes mixtures burn with a red flame due to the calcium ion. It is … Noncombustible, but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. bag of calcium hypochlorite in granular form can treat up to 10,000 gallons of water. €ÏÙB¦ Calcium hypochlorite contains 66% chlorine, and has been used in inline dispensers for hose-down applications. CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE: ICSC: 0638: PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION; Physical State; Appearance WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. NFPA. There is no specific antidote for hypochlorite poisoning. CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE, HYDRATED, CORROSIVE or CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE, HYDRATED MIXTURE, CORROSIVE with not less than 5.5% but not more than 16% water Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID One of the primary benefits of calcium hypochlorite is that a relatively small amount of the chemical can successfully disinfect large amounts of water, making it one of the most cost-effective choices in water sanitation. Calcium hypochlorite remains fairly stable when dry retaining 90% of its chlorine content after a one year storage period. 888-232-6348 (TTY) As an indication, and referring to shipping restrictions for dangerous goods, the Calcium Hypochlorite can be packed in four different patterns to fit the mode of shipment: 40-45 kg and 20-25 kg for sea/land shipment, 5 kg and 10kg for air cargo and 450 g and 2.5 kg for air passenger flights, as follows: 1. It is classified by the I.M.C.O. and vomiting. If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911. Sodium and calcium hypochlorite can cause irritation of the eyes, skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. The standard machineries in our plant reduces the contaminators and in turn increases the purity of our chemicals. Calcium hypochlorite is a potentially dangerous chemical and the following safety guidelines are advised. ), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (e.g. It’s mostly commonly sold as a white, chlorine-smelling powder/granules, which are then poured directly into the pool water, or sometimes via the pool skimmer. from victims who have been exposed only to gases released It is also widely used to disinfect drinking-water and swimming pool water and to eliminate bacteria and odours in the food industry. Calcium hypochlorite is an oxidizing agent and is designated a Class 5.1 oxidiser in the IMDG Code and other modal dangerous goods regulations. Hypochlorite irritates the skin and can cause In chemistry, hypochlorite is an anion with the chemical formula ClO −.It combines with a number of cations to form hypochlorites, which may also be regarded as the salts of hypochlorous acid.Common examples include sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) and calcium hypochlorite (a component of bleaching powder, swimming pool "chlorine").. and can react to release chlorine or chloramine which can be inhaled. Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards 4th ed. Calcium Hypochlorite Solutions (more Than 15%) 47. Excellent quality is the epitome of success. Calcium Hypochlorite Mixture, Dry (dot) 44. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. High-strength calcium hypochlorite (65 percent) has been widely used as a disinfecting agent in swimming pools and municipal water treatment since 1928. Email: Contact CDC-INFO. 1995;33(4):349-54. doi: 10.3109/15563659509028921. checking out the following Internet Web sites: This produces chlorine and oxygen. from hypochlorite solutions. It is white or yellowish solid (powder, granules or tablets), having a chlorine-like odour; soluble in water. In addition it might become unstable and dangerous when mishandled or contaminated by other chemicals like acids, alkali or easily combustible materials. Hipoclorito Calcico. For more information about this message, please visit this page: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, Medical Management Guidelines (MMG) for Acute Chemical Exposure, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. pregnancy, upcoming surgery, etc. Calcium hypochlorite (Ca(OCl)2) is essentially a solid that is used in place of liquid NaOCl. An oxidising agent with (strong) decomposing and self-reactive characteristics with a high track record of having caused very serious on-board fires and explosions. Code as an Oxidising Agent. burning pain, inflammation, and blisters. You or your physician can get more information on the vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. Hypochlorite irritates the skin and can cause burning pain, inflammation, and blisters. Acute exposure to gases released from hypochlorite solutions can cause coughing, eye and nose irritation, lacrimation, and a burning sensation in the chest. difficulty swallowing, or pain in the abdomen or chest, coughing or wheezing, difficulty breathing, shortness ATSDR can also tell you the location of occupational and environmental health clinics. Decomposes rapidly on contact with acids. Calcium hypochlorite comes in varying strengths — while commercially available in dry mixtures containing up to 80 percent calcium hypochlorite, 65 to 75 percent is more common, with lower concentration formulations also available. Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula Ca(ClO)2. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away: Irritation where sodium hypochlorite is used. A mixture of damp sulfur and solid 'swimming pool chlorine' caused a violently exothermic reaction, and ejection of molten sulfur. As regards physical hazards, calcium hypochlorite is classified as Ox. However, clothing or skin soaked Exposure to gases released from hypochlorite may cause burning of the eyes, nose, and throat; cough as well as constriction and edema of the airway and lungs can occur. Calcium hypochlorite should be stored in a sound container with an air-tight lid, or in the container provided by the supplier. sensation in the chest. It is corrosive and irritant in case of contact with skin, contact with eyes and if swallowed. It is a white solid, although commercial samples appear yellow. When chlorine gas is used for disinfection in swimming pools and in drinking water treatment, it is added to water where it is transformed in particular into sodium hypochlorite and hyp… Manufacturing. The toxic effects of sodium and calcium hypochlorite are primarily due to the corrosive properties of the hypochlorite moiety. Calcium hypochlorite (Ca (OCl)2) contains 65 percent available chlorine by weight and requires special handling because it will ignite in contact … Before using Calcium Hypochlorite, inform your doctor about your current list of medications, over the counter products (e.g. Calcium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with formula Ca(ClO)2. Workers in occupations that use these chemicals have the highest risk of being exposed. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach). Persons contaminated with calcium hypochlorite dust, or whose clothing or skin is soaked with industrial-strength hypochlorite solutions may be corrosive to rescuers and may release harmful vapor. The general public can be exposed to small amounts of sodium and calcium hypochlorite by using household products that contain these chemicals. Calcium Hypochlorite Solutions (15% Or Less) 46. Acute exposure “Calcium hypochlorite, 70% available chlorine” is a commercial chemical which is transported in large quantities generally packed in steel drums. to gases released from hypochlorite solutions can cause Odor may not provide an adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. In solution with water, it is used as a general disinfectant to destroy bacteria, algae, slime, fungi and other microorganisms. the mouth or throat, dysphagia, stridor, drooling, odynophagia, Calcium hypochlorite appears as a white granular solid (or tablets compressed from the granules) with an odor of chlorine. /Calcium hypochlorite, dry or calcium hypochlorite, mixtures, dry/ NFPA. In addition to water treatment, Calcium hypochlorite is used in kitchens to disinfect surfaces and equipment. Calcium hypochlorite is used primarily to chlorinate swimming pools, and to disinfect drinking water supplies and sewage systems. Hospital personnel are at low risk of secondary contamination PPG calcium hypochlorite is a dry form of chlorine that is efficient and easy to use. If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222. Calcium Hypochlorite [hypochloride Salts] 45. Calcium hypochlorite—or what most people just call “cal hypo”—is one of various types of chlorine you can buy, and it looks exactly how you’d expect pool chlorine to look. be corrosive to rescuers and may release harmful gases. Acmc-20alij Airway constriction and noncardiogenic All drugs may cause side effects. Calcium hypochlorite can be added to cooling towers, cooling ponds, water reservoirs, swimming pools, hot water tubs and spas to control the growth of algae and other micro-organisms that are harmful to human health and valuable equipment. Almost anything may start a self-decomposition of chlorinating agents, even moisture. This generates fire and explosion hazard. It has a strong chlorine odor, but odor may not provide an adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. Calcium hypochlorite is a dangerous chemical and requires special handling. Physical dangers Chemical dangers Decomposes rapidly above 175°C . Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Individuals exposed only to gases released by hypochlorite pose little risk of secondary contamination to others. Systemic toxicity is rare, but metabolic acidosis may occur after ingestion. It smells strongly of chlorine. Treatment is supportive. Skin Contact: Calcium hypochlorite dust and solutions can cause irritation, and in severe cases, chemical burns with permanent scar. Calcium hypochlorite is generally available as a white powder, pellets, or flat plates. It is commonly sold as a solid mixture with calcium carbonate. Of the chlorine compounds, calcium hypochlorite is the preferred source of chlorine used to disinfect wells. At normally It is also very dangerous in case of inhalation. There is no specific antidote for hypochlorite poisoning. send him or her a record of your emergency department visit. Calcium;dihypochlorite. Harmonized classification was approved by EU for calcium hypochlorite, which was inserted into Annex VI of CLP with ATP01corr under Index number 017-012-00-7. with industrial-strength bleach or similar solutions may There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms. These parameters will set Aquatick (Calcium Hypochlorite) apart from the rest. The highest is the most potent. According to, a site devoted to providing readers information about surviving outdoors and during emergency situations, a 1-lb. Quality. As a mixture with lime and calcium chloride, Calcium Hypochlrite is marketed as chlorine powder or bleach powder for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. A dirty container should never be used. Concentrated solutions can cause burns which may result in permanent eye damage. Toxic, irritating to the skin. Both hypochlorites are toxic by the oral and dermal routes coughing, eye and nose irritation, lacrimation, and a burning Calcium hypochlorite is an unstable compound classified as a strong oxidizing agent. Chlorine dioxide is an unstable compound that is prepared by mixing dilute solutions of chlorine and sodium chlorite but is a stronger oxidizing agent than hypochlorite. However, calcium hypochlorite is unstable and displays some self-reactive characteristics as by nature the substance is always decomposing. of breath, or chest pain, increased ocular pain or discharge, change in vision, increased redness or pain or a pus-like discharge in the 43. 50. Our modern and sophisticated manufacturing unit can produce high quality water treatment chemicals such as Calcium Hypochlorite. The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to Calcium Hypochlorite: * Contact can severely irritate and burn the eyes and skin. Ingestion of hypochlorite solutions may cause pain in The substance is a strong oxidant. Systemic toxicity is rare, but metabolic acidosis may occur after ingestion. 49. 48. Calcium hypochlorite decomposes in water to release chlorine and oxygen; sodium hypochlorite solutions can react with acids or ammonia to release chlorine or chloramine. Although not flammable, they may react explosively. Treatment requires supportive care. Ã:ç1H༔ôáRÅå%bH‚7,DB¬ï#[õ3¹rdž¯k?«iíT4ÉÙ‘³haøÖFÎ8gƒk¬²Î?j¸Ëê(òÍu²Ÿ›T±…pûf¶j^¤µ=•'§ƒ)„˜mşu¯Ã¸êüøié�Ş&¨B‚¼¨q¥{gÇ…äïƒğ­ğ0'…%¼{z¢ÿJğ "oÏÁcfÔdßïÒĞò :>ùöù3x x11. Availability. The chemical has properties (corrosive effects and acute respiratory toxicity) that indicate a danger to human health. number of your primary care physician so that the ED can Hypochlorite powder, solutions, and vapor are irritating and corrosive to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. Provide the Emergency Department with the name and the These are not all of the side effects that may occur. Calcium hypochlorite is generally available as a white powder, pellets, or flat plates; sodium hypochlorite is usually a greenish yellow, aqueous solution. However, clothing or skin soaked with industrial-strength bleach or similar solutions may be corrosive to rescuers and may release harmful gases. Rescue personnel are at low risk of secondary contamination from victims who have been exposed only to gases released from hypochlorite solutions. ). Calcium hypochlorite is a Hypochlorite compound. It is not highly soluble in hard w… T … Explosion risk from swimming pool chlorinators and review of chlorine toxicity J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. Ingestion and skin contact produces injury to any exposed tissues. These clinics specialize in Chlorine is produced in large quantities for use as disinfectants and bleach for both domestic and industrial purposes. recognizing, evaluating, and treating illnesses resulting from exposure to hazardous substances. pulmonary edema may also occur. Often available as a 'shock chlorinator' for swimming pools, in a variety of different purities depending on the brand. It decomposes readily in water or when heated, releasing oxygen and chlorine. It can be purchased in granular and tablet form containing 65-70% available chlorine by weight. 129904-51-4. As a prepper, sometimes our best intentions help us to learn expensive lessons as demonstrated below. Calcium hypochlorite and mercaptans will react violently. * Breathing Calcium Hypochloritecan irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Calcium hypochlorite is not used in organic solvents, due to its nature as a strong oxidant. Potential Health Effects Eye Contact: Exposure to calcium hypochlorite dust and mist can cause eye irritation. area of a skin burn. Hypochlorite produces tissue injury by liquefaction necrosis. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in the vigorous decomposition of the material and rupture of the container. chemical by contacting: ____________ or _____________, or by Calcium Hypochlorite is rated 3. Ingestion of hypochlorite solutions may cause pain in the mouth or throat, dysphagia, stridor, drooling, odynophagia, and vomiting. It strongly smells of chlorine, owing to its slow decomposition in moist air. It is the main active ingredient of commercial products called bleaching powder, chlorine powder, or chlorinated lime, used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. * Breathing Calcium Hypochloritecan irritate the nose and throat. Authors T T Martinez 1 , C Long. Calcium hypochlorite is not flammable, … ___________;__________. During the past five years there have been about a dozen serious accidents in ships involving this material. Airway constriction and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema may also occur.

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